A toothache is a painful sensation in or around the tooth. Toothache discomfort is usually an indication that something is amiss with your teeth or gums.
However, dental discomfort can also be transferred pain that your discomfort is being caused by an issue somewhere else in your body.
Toothaches should never be ignored. If left untreated, toothaches caused by decay might worsen.
Toothaches are seldom life-threatening, but they might be indications of severe illnesses that need immediate medical attention.
Common causes of tooth pain
Toothaches are most commonly caused by tooth decay. An abscess can form if dental decay is not untreated. This is an infection in the pulp of your tooth or around your tooth.
If you suspect you have a tooth abscess, see your dentist immediately soon. The infection can travel to your brain in rare circumstances, which can be fatal.
An impacted tooth can also produce a toothache. When one of your teeth, generally a wisdom tooth, becomes trapped in your gum tissue or bone, this occurs. It can’t erupt or grow as a result.
Common causes of referred pain toothaches
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection in the sinus cavity.
Sinusitis can cause discomfort in your upper teeth because the roots of your upper teeth are near to your sinuses.
Less common causes of referred pain toothaches
Toothache might be a symptom of a heart attack in some situations.
Because of the placement of your vagus nerve, heart and lung illness might induce dental pain. This nerve connects your brain to your many organs, including your heart and lungs. It goes through your mouth and into your jaw.
Rare causes of toothache referred to
Trigeminal neuralgia and occipital neuralgia are painful neurological disorders caused by irritated or inflamed trigeminal and occipital nerves.
Your skull, face, and teeth are all served by these nerves. Pain might seem like it’s coming from your teeth when they’re inflamed.
A dentist generally treats toothaches. While you wait for your dentist or doctor’s visit, home therapy may temporarily reduce your discomfort.
Most individuals see a dentist for a toothache because issues with their teeth are the most common cause of toothaches.
To diagnose tooth decay or other dental issues, your dentist will utilize X-rays and a physical examination of your teeth. They may also prescribe pain relievers and medicines to treat an infection.
If your pain is caused by decay, your dentist will use a drill to remove the decay and repair the gap with dental materials. A tooth that has become impacted may need to be surgically removed.
If your dentist cannot determine the source of your toothache, they may send you to a doctor for additional evaluation and treatment.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or decongestant medicines to treat sinusitis. In certain situations, surgery to open your nasal airways may be required. Your doctor will send you to a specialist in this instance.
If your dentist believes you’re suffering a heart attack, they will refer you to the nearest emergency room. If your dentist believes you have heart or lung problems, they will send you to a physician for additional testing.
Home treatment for Tooth Pain
The following items may temporarily ease your tooth pain:
- Pain medication, such as aspirin
- Dental pain medication, such as benzocaine.
- Precription medication, such as Ultram for tooth pain
When a toothache is an emergency
If you have the following symptoms in addition to a toothache, get immediate medical attention:
- The presence of swelling in your jaw or cheek might indicate that your tooth infection is progressing.
- Heart attack symptoms include chest discomfort, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and other symptoms.
- Wheezing, a cough that doesn’t wander, a blood cough
- Breathing and swallowing problems that may indicate lung cancer
How to prevent toothaches
Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day to help avoid toothaches, and receive dental exams and cleanings twice a year or as frequently as your dentist recommends.
Stop smoking, eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet, and exercise for at least 30 minutes five times a week to keep your heart and lungs healthy. Before beginning an exercise regimen, see your doctor.